# Square Root of 16

In this article we're going to calculate the square root of 16 and explore what the square root is and answer some of the common questions you might. We'll also look at the different methods for calculating the square root of 16 (both with and without a computer/calculator).

## Square Root of 16 Definition

In mathematical form we can show the square root of 16 using the radical sign, like this: √16. This is usually referred to as the square root of 16 in radical form.

So what is the square root? In this case, the square root of 16 is the quantity (which we will call q) that when multiplied by itself, will equal 16.

√16 = q × q = q2

## Is 16 a Perfect Square?

In math, we refer to 16 being a perfect square if the square root of 16 is a whole number.

In this case, as we will see in the calculations below, we can see that 16 is a perfect square.

To find out more about perfect squares, you can read about them and look at a list of 1000 of them in our What is a Perfect Square? article.

## Is The Square Root of 16 Rational or Irrational?

A common question is to ask whether the square root of 16 is rational or irrational. Rational numbers can be written as a fraction and irrational numbers cannot.

A quick way to check this is to see if 16 is a perfect square. If it is, then it is a rational number. If it's not a perfect square then it's an irrational number.

We already know if 16 is a perfect square so we also can see that √16 is a rational number.

## Can the Square Root of 16 Be Simplified?

Since 16 is a perfect square it can be simplified because the result will always be equal to a whole number. Let's simplify the square root of 16:

√16 = 4.

## How to Calculate The Square Root of 16 with a Calculator

If you have a calculator then the simplest way to calculate the square root of 16 is to use that calculator. On most calculators you can do this by typing in 16 and then pressing the √x key. You should get the following result:

√16 = 4

## How to Calculate the Square Root of 16 with a Computer

On a computer you can also calculate the square root of 16 using Excel, Numbers, or Google Sheets and the SQRT function, like so:

SQRT(16) = 4

## What is the Square Root of 16 Written with an Exponent?

All square root calculations can be converted to a number (called the base) with a fractional exponent. Let's see how to do that with the square root of 16:

√b = b½

√16 = 16½

## How to Find the Square Root of 16 Using Long Division

Finally, we can use the long division method to calculate the square root of 16. This is very useful for long division test problems and was how mathematicians would calculate the square root of a number before calculators and computers were invented.

### Step 1

Set up 16 in pairs of two digits from right to left and attach one set of 00 because we want one decimal:

16

### Step 2

Starting with the first set: the largest perfect square less than or equal to 16 is 16, and the square root of 16 is 4 . Therefore, put 4 on top and 16 at the bottom like this:

 4 16 16

That's it! The answer shown at the top in green. The square root of 16 with one digit decimal accuracy is 4. Notice that the last two steps actually repeat the previous two. To add decimal places to your answe you can simply add more sets of 00 and repeat the last two steps.