What is the Greatest Common Factor (GCF) of 2 and 123?
Are you on the hunt for the GCF of 2 and 123? Since you're on this page I'd guess so! In this quick guide, we'll walk you through how to calculate the greatest common factor for any numbers you need to check. Let's jump in!
Want to quickly learn or show students how to find the GCF of two or more numbers? Play this very quick and fun video now!
First off, if you're in a rush, here's the answer to the question "what is the GCF of 2 and 123?":
GCF of 2 and 123 = 1
What is the Greatest Common Factor?
Put simply, the GCF of a set of whole numbers is the largest positive integer (i.e whole number and not a decimal) that divides evenly into all of the numbers in the set. It's also commonly known as:
- Greatest Common Denominator (GCD)
- Highest Common Factor (HCF)
- Greatest Common Divisor (GCD)
There are a number of different ways to calculate the GCF of a set of numbers depending how many numbers you have and how large they are.
For smaller numbers you can simply look at the factors or multiples for each number and find the greatest common multiple of them.
For 2 and 123 those factors look like this:
- Factors for 2: 1 and 2
- Factors for 123: 1, 3, 41, and 123
As you can see when you list out the factors of each number, 1 is the greatest number that 2 and 123 divides into.
As the numbers get larger, or you want to compare multiple numbers at the same time to find the GCF, you can see how listing out all of the factors would become too much. To fix this, you can use prime factors.
List out all of the prime factors for each number:
- Prime Factors for 2: 2
- Prime Factors for 123: 3 and 41
Now that we have the list of prime factors, we need to find any which are common for each number.
Since there are no common prime factors between the numbers above, this means the greatest common factor is 1:
GCF = 1
Find the GCF Using Euclid's Algorithm
The final method for calculating the GCF of 2 and 123 is to use Euclid's algorithm. This is a more complicated way of calculating the greatest common factor and is really only used by GCD calculators.
If you want to learn more about the algorithm and perhaps try it yourself, take a look at the Wikipedia page.
Hopefully you've learned a little math today and understand how to calculate the GCD of numbers. Grab a pencil and paper and give it a try for yourself. (or just use our GCD calculator - we won't tell anyone!)
Cite, Link, or Reference This Page
If you found this content useful in your research, please do us a great favor and use the tool below to make sure you properly reference us wherever you use it. We really appreciate your support!
"Greatest Common Factor of 2 and 123". VisualFractions.com. Accessed on December 4, 2021. http://visualfractions.com/calculator/greatest-common-factor/gcf-of-2-and-123/.
"Greatest Common Factor of 2 and 123". VisualFractions.com, http://visualfractions.com/calculator/greatest-common-factor/gcf-of-2-and-123/. Accessed 4 December, 2021.
Greatest Common Factor of 2 and 123. VisualFractions.com. Retrieved from http://visualfractions.com/calculator/greatest-common-factor/gcf-of-2-and-123/.